My wife and I are debt-free, and we're ready to start building our first home. We're a little short on cash to make the 20 percent down payment you recommend, but we do have a fully funded emergency fund in place. Would it be okay to take a little out of our emergency fund to make up the difference?
Well, you didn't give me exact numbers here. I don't know how short a little short is, and I don't know how big your emergency fund is. If you use a little of your emergency fund to round off the 20 percent and then you have an emergency, where are you going to be?
I recommend always having 3 to 6 months of expenses set aside for emergencies. If you've got $50,000 in your emergency fund and you use $10,000 of it, you'll be fine. But anything that leaves you with less than 3 or 4 months of expenses stashed away would worry me. That's the way you've got to look at it. Just use a little common sense with the numbers.
I'd love for you to put down 20 percent because you'd avoid private mortgage insurance (PMI), which runs about $75 a month per $100,000 borrowed. It costs you a lot of money if you don't put down 20 percent. You should try to do that if possible, but don't be irresponsible with your emergency fund in the process.
Your emergency fund, when it's there, tends to keep emergencies away. When it's not there, you have a tendency to attract emergencies and your life starts to sound like a sad country song!
Ethics and integrity
I'll be getting out of the military soon, and I want to open a coffee roastery in civilian life. I had planned to work at an established place like Starbucks for a while so I can learn the business. Recently, I've become concerned with this idea from an ethical point of view. Can you give me some guidance?
First, thank you for your service. The fact that you have enough integrity to even think about this means you're a conscientious, honest person. I think you're going to be okay.
Making and serving coffee is not a proprietary set of information. It's done all over the world by lots of people, so you're not violating any ethics by doing that. Now there would definitely be something wrong with you stealing another company's exact recipes or logo, but I think you already knew that.
There's nothing wrong with learning how to make different coffee drinks that are made all over the world. Starbucks doesn't have a corner on that. There are coffeehouses all across America these days, so there's no ethics breach. Just understand what's proprietary about a company or a brand, and don't duplicate that.
Best of luck to you, sir.
-- Dave Ramsey is CEO of Ramsey Solutions. He has authored seven best-selling books, including The Total Money Makeover. The Dave Ramsey Show is heard by more than 12 million listeners each week on 575 radio stations and multiple digital platforms. Follow Dave on the web at daveramsey.com and on Twitter at @DaveRamsey.